History of  Department of  Pathology

The Pathology Department was established in January, 2018. It was composed of one Professor, two Associate Professors, one Lecturer, four Assistant Lecturer. Prof. Dr. Cho Cho Myint, M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc, Ph.D (Pathology), Dip.Med.Edu is the First and Foremost Head of the Department. She has started her role at UMTGI since 2018 up to now.

Pathology means the study of disease (from Ancient Greek words, pathos = suffering and logos= study). This subject covers general pathology, systemic pathology and pathological basis of some infectious diseases for the undergraduate training.

Department Of Pathology (Head)

Name : Prof. Dr. Cho Cho Myint
Rank : Prof/ Head
Degree : M.B,B.S, M.Med.Sc, Ph.D (Pathology), Dip. Med. Edu
Phone : 09-797786616
E-mail address : drchomyint@gmail.com

Department Of Pathology (Academic Staffs)

Name : AP Dr. Swe Zin Myint
Rank : Associate Professor
Degree : M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc, Ph.D (Pathology)
Phone : (09)785117638
E-mail address : swezin.szmyint11@gmail.com

Name : AP Dr. Su Han Htet
Rank : Associate Professor
Degree : M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc, Ph.D (Pathology)
Phone : (09)766766007
E-mail address : drsuhanhtet@gmail.com

Name : Dr. May Phyu Oo
Rank : Lecturer
Degree : M.B.,B.S, M.Sc (Pathology)
Phone : (09)5302419
E-mail address : mpo.phyu@gmail.com

Name : Dr. Ye Min Than
Rank : Assistant Lecturer
Degree : M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Pathology)
Phone : (09)798690503
E-mail address : yeminthan87@gmail.com

Name : Dr. Cho Zin Oo
Rank : Assistant Lecturer
Degree : M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Pathology)
Phone : (09)951552851
E-mail address : choxinoo86@gmail.com

Name : Dr. Kyaye Hmone Aye
Rank : Assistant Lecturer
Degree : M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Pathology)
Phone : (09)5413459
E-mail address : kyayehmoneaye@gmail.com

Name : Dr. Chit Hsu Wai
Rank : Assistant Lecturer
Degree : M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Pathology)
Phone : (09)2015142
E-mail address : wewiwoe77@gmail.com

Name : Daw Pann Ei Phyu
Rank : Second  Assistant  Computer
Degree : B.A(Eco)
Phone : (09) 793875753
E-mail address : eipan8779@gmail.com

Name : Daw Sandar Win
Rank : Lab technician -5
Degree :
Phone : (09) 428338612
E-mail address : sandarwin1024@gmail.com

Name : Daw San Thi
Rank : Cleaner
Degree :
Phone : (09) 36256354
E-mail address :

2017-2018 Academic Year

Department of Pathology

Level objectives

At the end of the course, the learner should be able to demonstrate:

  1. comprehension of deviations from normal structure and functions in relation to the health of individual and community so as to enable the development of a management plan.
  2. understanding of the impact of the disease process on the individual, family and the community, the behavioral responses in each case to such illness and the principles of intervention.
  3. a critical understanding of the plans and programmes of the health sector and other sectors to meet the health problems of individual, family and community.
  4. ability to conduct appropriate physical, biochemical, pathological and microbiological tests and investigations to detect the deviation from the normal structure and functions.
  5. understanding of the specific changes in organs and organ systems caused by aging, trauma, stress, bacteria, viruses, chemicals and drugs and the basic principles of managing these deviations.
  6. requisite knowledge and skills to undertake the responsibilities of the medical profession and medical practice in relation to the law.
  7. interest and ability to educate the individual patients, their families and the community in matters related to health promotion and disease prevention and disability rehabilitation.
  8. self reliance in planning his own learning, problem solving abilities and critical thinking as shown by his own behavior and
  9. an awareness of medicine as a continuum of the normal, deviations from normal and the correction of deviations, with the greatest emphasis on deviations from normal in this course.

 Departmental objectives

At the end of the courses of instruction, the learner should be able to:

  1. acquire the knowledge of the pathologic basis of diseases with emphasis on common diseases prevalent in Myanmar. (K)
  2. effectively correlate the laboratory data with the clinical manifestations. (K)
  3. describe the morphology of gross specimens of common diseases and arrive at the correct diagnosis. (K)
  4. describe the histological and hematological features of common diseases and arrive at the correct diagnosis. (K)
  5. effectively correlate between the clinical manifestations and autopsy findings. (K)
  6. describe the hematological disorders common in Myanmar with emphasis on preventive measures. (K)
  7. demonstrate/ perform certain basic hematological laboratory procedures. (S)
  8. interpret the laboratory data correctly. (S)
  9. appreciate that pathology forms the basis of all branches of clinical medicine. (A)
  10. appreciate the importance of laboratory findings for the correct diagnosis and proper management of diseases. (A)
  11. appreciate the importance of co-operation and collaboration with other departments in solving the community diseases. (A)
  12. aware that the importance of autopsy findings in arrivint at correct diagnosis of common community diseases. (A)
  13. appreciate that the acquired knowledge of the aetiology and pathologenesis of diseases could be utilized for prevention of certain common endemic and communicable diseases. (A)
  14. appreciate the importance of Pathology in continuing education and research for the advancement of clinical medicine. (A)
  15. appreciate the importance of co-operation and collaboration with other departments in solving the community diseases. (A)
  16. aware that the importance of autopsy findings in arrivint at correct diagnosis of common community diseases. (A)
  17. appreciate that the acquired knowledge of the aetiology and pathologenesis of diseases could be utilized for prevention of certain common endemic and communicable diseases. (A)
  18. appreciate the importance of Pathology in continuing education and research for the advancement of clinical medicine. (A)

 

Departmental objectives

Knowledge

At the end of the courses of instruction, the learner should be able to:

  • acquire the knowledge of the pathologic basis of diseases with emphasis on common diseases prevalent in Myanmar.
  • describe the morphology of gross specimens of common diseases and arrive at the correct diagnosis.
  • describe the histological and hematological features of common diseases and arrive at the correct diagnosis.
  • explain the principles of immunity and hypersensitivity with regards to pathogenesis of communicable and non-communicable diseases.

Skill

(1) interpret the laboratory data correctly.

Attitude

(1) appreciate that pathology forms the basis of all branches of clinical medicine.

(2) appreciate the importance of laboratory findings for the correct diagnosis and proper

management of diseases including common communicable and non-communicable

diseases.

(3) appreciate that the acquired knowledge of etiology and pathogenesis of diseases, could be

utilized for prevention of certain diseases.

 

Activities

Method of teaching

  • Lectures
  • Tutorials
  • Practical
  • Small group teaching
  • Written assignment
  • Discussion

Teaching and Learning Media      

  • Computer and multimedia projector for power point presentation and PA system
  • Gross specimens
  • Microscopes
  • Histopathology slides
  • Overhead projector

 

Teaching Courses for Third MBBS and Final Part I MBBS

General Pathology

  1. Cellular Injury and Cellular Death
  2. Pathologic Calcification
  3. Pigments and Hemochromatosis
  4. Inflammation and Repair
  5. Haemodynamic Disorders

Thromboembolic Diseases and Shock

  1. Genetic Disorders
  2. Diseases of immunity
  3. Cellular Adaptation
  4. Neoplasia
  5. Environmental and Nutritional Pathology
  6. Cholelithiasis and Urolithiasis
  7. Systemic Metabolic Diseases

Systemic infections

  1. General Principles of Microbial Pathogenesis
  2. Infections of Respiratory System
  3. Infections of Cardiovascular System
  4. Infections of GI Tract
  5. Infections of Liver and Gallbladder
  6. Infections of CNS
  7. Infections of Lymphoreticular System
  8. Infections of Male Genital Tract
  9. Infections of Female Genital Tract
  10. Infections of Bone and Joint
  11. Infections of Kidney
  12. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  13. Opportunistic Infections
  14. Tropical and Zoonotic Infections

 

Hematology     

  1. Disorders of Red Blood Cells
  2. Disorders of White Blood Cells
  3. Hemorrhagic Disorders
  4. Blood Groups and Blood Transfusion
  5. Basic Hematological Techniques

Systemic Pathology

  1. Respiratory system
  2. Cardiovascular system
  3. Endocrine system
  4. Breast
  5. Diseases of Gastrointestinal Tract
  6. Diseases of Hepatobiliary Tract and Pancreas
  7. Skin
  8. Renal system
  9. Male genital system
  10. Female genital system
  11. Central nervous system
  12. Lymphoreticular system
  13. Bone

 

Assessment

  1. Assessment tool

Theory : Written paper

MCQ :            5 responses for each stem, minus system, not carried over

MSQ :             short essay type question

Practical test

Morbid specimen, microscopic slides and LCD display

  1. Assessment types
  2. Class work                                                                 30%
  3. Summative assessment

Theory papers                                                                      50%

Practical                                                                                20%

Total                                                                                     100%

 

  1. Summative assessment

3.1. Theory paper

For each paper :

MCQs                                                :           2 hrs               40 marks

MSQs : 6 out of 8 questions          :           1 hrs               60 marks

3.2. Practical ( 100 marks )

Each student will have to go through the tests made up of 2 components

10 Morbid specimens                                             :           30 minutes, 50 marks

Histological slides

(8 LCD slides and 2 microscopic slides)            :           30 minutes, 50 marks

 

  1. Pass /Fail /Credit/ Distinction criteria

 

4.1.Pass

Overall aggregate: 50% in separate compartments ( class work, final

theory, Practical exam )

 

4.2.Moderated Pass

Overall aggregate: 46% in only one compartment

 

4.3.Fail

Overall aggregate: less than 46% or

Moderated marks in two compartments

4.4.Passed with Distinction

All the following criteria must be fulfilled.

  • Class work

(a) must have score at least 65 %

(b) must have appeared for all the class tests and scored at least 65 % in any of the test.

(2)     Final theory paper

(a) must have scored at least 65 % in each of the four theory compartments

(b) no un-attempted questions or zero in MSQ

(c) must be of sufficient quality to satisfy the examiners

(3)     Practical Paper

(a) must have scored at least 50% in each of the compartments

(b) no un-attempted questions or zero in each of the compartments

(4)     Final score :   75/100 marks and above

(5)    In Viva voce ,  must satisfy by the examiners

4.5.Passed with Credit

(1) Those students who attain 65% in all subjects in Third MBBS and Final Part I will be awarded CREDIT for that year.

 

Prescribed Textbooks

  1. ROBBINS, S.L.COTRAN . and V.KUMAR(Latest Edition) Pathology basis of disease. Philladelphia, W.B.Saunder Company.
  2. WALTERS,J.B.and M.S.ISREAL (Latest) General Pathology, Edinburgh, London and New York, Churchill Livingstone.
  3. DAVIDSON,SIR STANLEY and J. MACLEOD (Latest edition)

Principles and Practice of Medicine. The English Language Book Society, Churchill Livingstone.

  1. BARON, D, N. (Latest edition) A Short Textbook of Chemical Pathology. The English Language Book Society, Churchill Livingstone.

de GRUCHY’S, G.C. (Fifth edition) Clinical Haematology in Medical Practice. Oxford and Edinburgh, Blackwell Scientific publications.

Activities

Practical examination on histological slides (LCD display)

Practical examination on histological slides (microscopic section) and Morbid specimen

Practical examination on morbid specimens

 

Morbid Display

      

Future Programme